The Central Bank of Bahrain and Financial Institutions Law 2006 ('CBB Law') was promulgated on 6 September 2006 with the issuance of Decree No. (64) of 2006.
Decree No. 64 implemented the CBB Law and repealed the BMA Law of 1973 as well as the Insurance Law of 1987. The CBB Law established the Central Bank of Bahrain as the successor organisation of the Bahrain Monetary Agency. It also set out the CBB's mandate, governance and powers.
The CBB Law provides enhanced enforcement powers to the CBB as well as reinforces its operational independence. Other highlights include an expanded range of powers with respect to the regulation of the capital markets and the offering of securities (Parts 4 and 5), including the creation of the statutory offences of insider trading and market abuse. Part 6 of the CBB Law provides, for the first time, a legal basis under Bahrain law for close-out netting.
The CBB Law represents a significant modernization and simplification of Bahrain's financial services legislation, as well as marks the final stage in the creation of a single regulator for Bahrain's financial services industry.