Bahrain is host to a thriving mutual funds industry. The first overseas mutual funds started being marketed in Bahrain during the 1980s, and the first Bahrain domiciled scheme was launched in 1984.
The first Collective Investments Schemes rules were issued by the CBB in 1992 and were subsequently revamped in June 2007, when the CIU Module within CBB Rulebook Volume 6 was issued. The rules were further revamped and issued in a separate Volume of CBB Rulebook (Volume 7). The new Volume provides comprehensive rules and regulations pertaining to the authorization/registration and supervision of mutual funds domiciled and/or offered for marketing in Bahrain.
As at the end of June 2012, the number of mutual funds stood at 2795 funds, of which 121 funds were Bahrain domiciled, compared to 2819 funds as of June 2011. The number of Sharia compliant funds stood at 101 as of June 2012.
The net asset value (NAV) of those funds totaled US$ 9.2 billion as of the end of March 2012, reflecting a 2% increase compared to US$ 9 billion the previous year. Of the total NAV, US$ 5.68 billion is invested in locally incorporated funds, and US$ 2.2 billion in Sharia compliant funds.